Proper planting is an important step in the successful establishment of landscape plants. The process begins with selecting a plant well adapted to the planting site and its intended landscape use. Consult with professionals when designing a landscape and choosing species. Make sure that the plant, when fully grown, will not interfere with overhead power lines, adjacent buildings, or vehicular or pedestrian traffic. Purchase healthy stock from a reputable nursery and inspect the stock for damage, insects, and disease upon delivery. Provide proper care and protection of nursery stock before and after planting. Remember, a plant should thrive in its new home, not merely survive. By following a few basic principles of plant care, your healthy landscape plant will provide benefits far beyond beautifying your home. Plants also create wildlife habitat, protect the soil from erosion, provide shade, produce oxygen, build organic matter, and improve water quality. With proper planting and care, your family will enjoy your new landscape plant for many years.
Here are the 12-step plus ONE for successful installation of your containerized, balled & burlapped plants:
Step 1: Dig hole 1.5 times wider than the root ball. Hole should be as deep as root ball, slightly shallower on heavy textured soils.
Step 2: If present, break through impervious soil layers to allow root expansion.
Step 3: Remove pot and carefully place root ball in hole. Top of root ball should be level with existing soil grade.
Step 4: Make sure trunk is vertical.
Step 5: Remove synthetic wrapping materials and discard. Roll burlap into bottom of hole and bury with soil.
Step 6: Backfill hole with native, loose soil and then saturate with water to remove air pockets.
Step 7: Construct a small berm to retain water in root ball zone.
Step 8: Use protective devices to protect trunks from mechanical damage from mowers and trimmers.
Step 9: For tall stock, install 2-4 stakes to prevent wind damage; bury stakes 1/3 to ½ their length.
Step 10: Use soft, biodegradable ties to prevent damage to trunk.
Step 11: Install woven, water permeable landscape fabric.
Step 12: Spread 1-3 inches of high quality coarse, organic mulch. Avoid mulching against trunk.
plus one: always call your local utility company before digging.
Information for these planting guidelines provided by NRCS