Descriptions–Shrubs

SHRUBS PEOPLE HAVE ORDERED

 Russian Almond (Prunus tenella)

 General Description

  • A low, suckering shrub native to western Asia and eastern Siberia
  • Hardy, but not highly desirable for landscape purposes because its’ suckering habit makes it difficult to control
  • Dense thickets formed are excellent for wildlife food and cover
  • Abundant pink to rosy flowers in early spring

Form

  • Growth Habit – Upright, suckering
  • Crown Height – 3 to 5 feet
  • Crown Width – 3 to 5 feet

Soils

  • Soil Texture – Prefers loamy soils
  • Performs satisfactorily in heavy clay
  • Soil pH – 5.0 to 8.0

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 2

 Water – Fair drought resistance

 Light – Full sun only

 

 Silver Buffaloberry (Shepherdia argentea)

 General Description

  • A tall, thorny, thicket-forming native shrub
  • Well adapted to dry, moderately alkaline and saline soils
  • Tolerates infertile soils, in part because of its ability to fix and assimilate atmospheric nitrogen
  • Berries used for jellies

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Loosely branched shrub of rounded outline
  • Crown Height – 6 to 14 feet
  • Crown Width – 8 to 14 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Grows well in most soils
  • Soil pH – 5.5 to 8.0
  • Adapted to moderately alkaline and saline soils

 Cold Hardiness –  USDA Zone 2

 Water

  • Drought tolerant
  • Not adapted to wet, poorly-drained sites

 Light – Full sun

 

Caragana or Siberian Peashrub (Caragana arborescens)

General Description

  • Tall long-lived shrub native to Siberia
  • Drought tolerant legume
  • Ability to withstand extreme cold and dryness
  • Major windbreak species

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Erect, oval shrub with sparse branches
  • Crown Height – 6 to 14 feet
  • Crown Width – 6 to 12 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Adapted to a wide range of soils
  • Soil pH – 5.0 to 8.0

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 2

 Water – Drought tolerant, does not perform well on very wet or very dry sandy soils

 Light – Full sun

  

Nanking Cherry (Prunus tomentosa)

 General Description

  • A winter hardy, moderately fast-growing, short-lived shrub native to China, Japan, and the Himalayas
  • A broad spreading, densely twiggy shrub, becoming more open and picturesque with age.
  • Also called Manchu cherry
  • Edible fruits are dark red and excellent for pies and jellies

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Upright, semi-spreading, and densely twiggy
  • Crown Height – 6 to 10 feet
  • Crown Width – 6 to 10 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Prefers loamy soils
  • Soil pH – 5.0 to 7.5

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 2

 Water – Tolerates considerable wind and dryness

 Light – Full sun only

  

Chokecherry (Prunus virginiana)

 General Description

  • Small suckering hardy tree or large shrub is native throughout North Dakota
  • Fruits commonly used for jellies and jams

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Oval to rounded, slender twigs
  • Crown Height – 12 to 25 feet
  • Crown Width – 10 to 20 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Adapted to a wide variety of soils
  • Soil pH – 5.0 to 8.0

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 2

 Water – Moderate drought tolerance

 Light – Shade tolerant, but needs full sun to produce a good fruit crop

  

 Golden or Clove Currant (Ribes odoratum)

 General Description

  • A small shrub native to western United States
  • Similar to golden currant (R. aureum)
  • Well adapted to growing conditions in the north
  • Fragrant, yellow, clove-scented flowers

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Upright spreading, becomes leggy
  • Crown Height – 3 to 6 feet
  • Crown Width – 3 to 6 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Adapted to a variety of soils, tolerant of saline soils
  • Soil pH – 5.5 to 8.0

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 2

 Water – Currants are fairly drought tolerant

Light – Full sun to partial shade

  

Redosier Dogwood (Cornus sericea)

 General Description

  • An open, spreading, multi-stemmed, medium to large shrub with horizontal branches at the base
  • Dark, blood-red bark provides winter color

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Loose and rounded in form with many stems
  • Crown Height – 7 to 10 feet
  • Crown Width – 10 to 15 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Adaptable to a variety of soils
  •  Soil pH – 5.0 to 7.5

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 2

 Water – Grows best in moist to somewhat wet loams

 Light – Full sun to partial shade

 

 Juneberry or Saskatoon Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia)

 General Description

  • A hardy, medium to tall, suckering shrub, native to prairie hillsides and woody draws
  • Also called Saskatoon and Serviceberry
  • Fruits are highly prized for food

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Upright
  • Crown Height – 6 to 15 feet
  • Crown Width – 5 to 12 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Prefers loam to sandy loam soil high in organic matter
  • Soil pH – 5.5 to 7.5

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 2

 Water – limited drought tolerace

Light – Full sun to partial shade

  

Common Lilac (Syringa vulgaris)

 General Description

  • A medium to large hardy shrub with stout, spreading branches developing a somewhat oval to irregularly rounded crown
  • Spreads by suckering
  • Showy, fragrant flowers

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Upright leggy shrub with irregular outline
  • Crown Height – 8 to 12 feet
  • Crown Width – 6 to 12 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Adapted to a wide variety of soils
  • Soil pH – pH is 5.5 to 8.0

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 2

 Water – Drought tolerant does not withstand ponding

 Light – Full sun

  

 American Plum (Prunus americana)

 General Description

  • Native tall shrub to small tree
  • Thorny, winter-hardy, and thicket- forming
  • Edible fruit used to make preserves and jellies

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Round-headed crown, suckers freely
  • Crown Height – 8 to 10 feet
  • Crown Width – 8 to 10 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Adapted to a wide variety of soil types
  • Soil pH – 5.5 to 7.5

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 3

 Water – Fair to good drought tolerance

 Light – Full sun to partial shade

 

Western Sandcherry (Prunus besseyi)

 General Description

  • Small, winter-hardy, relatively short-lived shrub native to the Northern Great Plains
  • Edible fruits which are dark purple to black

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Open, spreading
  • Crown Height – 3 to 6 feet
  • Crown Width – 3 to 6 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Prefers loamy soils
  • Soil pH – 5.0 to 7.5

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 3

 Water – Fair drought tolerance

 Light – Full sun only

 

 Silverberry (Elaeagnus commutata)

General Description

  • Medium shrub
  •  Native from the east coast to the Northwest Territories, through North Dakota and south to Utah
  • Would be more popular, but it suckers profusely

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Narrow, upright
  • Crown Height – 5 to 9 feet
  • Crown Width – 3 to 6 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Performs best on well drained, coarse textured soils with moist subsoil
  • Soil pH – 6.0 to 8.0
  • Adaptable to high pH and saline soils

 Cold Hardiness –  USDA Zone 2

 Water

  • Prefers subsoil moisture as opposed to water-logged or ponded sites
  • Drought tolerant

 Light – Full sun or light shade

 

 Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra)

General Description

  • Large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown
  • Usually grows in masses and suckers profusely
  • Outstanding red fall color
  • Similar to Staghorn sumac but shorter

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Upright, stout, branching, forms thicket, umbrella-like canopy
  • Crown Height – 5 to 15 feet
  • Crown Width – 10 to 15 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Adapted to a variety of soil types
  • Soil pH – 5.0 to 8.0

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 3

Water

  • Moderately drought tolerant
  • Available water determines mature plant height

 Light – Full sun, to partial shade

 

 Staghorn Sumac (Rhus typhina)

 General Description

  • Large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown, branches resembling antlers        
  • Borderline hardiness, may regularly freeze back in winter

 Form

  • Growth Habit – Upright, stout, branching, umbrella-like canopy
  • Crown Height – 10 to 15 feet
  • Crown Width – 10 to 20 feet

 Soils

  • Soil Texture – Adapted to a variety of soil types
  • Soil pH – 4.5 to 7.5, but prefers acidic soils

 Cold Hardiness – USDA Zone 3, however, stem dieback often occurs

 Water – Slightly less drought tolerant than Smooth Sumac

 Light – Full sun to partial shade

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